Thursday, January 05, 2023

HeRSToRy 092 Estelle Coleman

   Estelle visited the encampment the first week it opened and lived there on and off for the next 20 years. She was a founding member of the encampment's second incarnation, Women's Peace Land, and is co-founder of the Peace Encampment Herstory Project.

Interview: Estelle Coleman
Date: September 6, 2008
Location: Turner Falls, MA
Present: hershe Michele Kramer, Sita Lang, Sera Brown

CLIP: Many bells on green strings of hope


Back in the day...

Estelle being interviewed by Women's Video Collective member, Merf, in the backyard of the peace camp in 1983. 

Estelle being interviewed by Women's Video Collective member, Claire [PeHP 011], in the backyard of the peace camp in 1984. 

Wednesday, September 01, 2021

What was the Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice (WEFPJ)?

 The Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice (WEFPJ) was an all-women’s community of protest and challenge to violence and militarism housed on 52 acres bordering the Seneca Army Depot in upstate New York.
    Commonly known as the Seneca Women’s Peace Camp or Seneca, WEFPJ was modeled after the Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp in England (1981-2000) where thousands of British sisters were engaged in nonviolent protest in the face of the scheduled deployment of U.S. Cruise and Pershing II nuclear missiles.
    Though the United States military steadfastly refused at the time to either confirm or deny the presence of nuclear weapons at the Seneca Depot, it has since been revealed that the base was a storage site and departure point for nuclear weapons bound for Europe. Additionally, the Depot housed radioactive material for the Manhattan Project.

    In the summer of 1983, 12,000 women from around the world came to the encampment to participate in nonviolence training, direct action, and civil disobedience at the Seneca Army Depot resulting in 950 arrests. Actions continued throughout the 1980s with an ongoing peace presence until 2006.

Tuesday, August 31, 2021

ViDeo: Stronger Than Before (1983)

   A 27-minute documentary produced in the fall of 1983 by the Women's Media Collective of the Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice, a group largely made up of women from the Boston Women's Video Collective. Stronger Than Before received two national awards and was shown on 150 PBS stations throughout the U.S. and Canada.

Monday, August 30, 2021

NeWSPaPeR: Rochester, NY - Villagers confront marchers in Waterloo

July 31, 1983 - Democrat and Chronicle
PeHP source: Suzanne Sowinska

WATERLOO - Amid cheers and taunts from angry, flag-waving villagers, 53 members of a women's peace encampment were arrested yesterday on disorderly conduct charges after their march through this Seneca County community was stopped by a crowd of local residents.

County sheriff's deputies also arrested three local residents. One was a man who was carrying a loaded rifle whose name was not released. A second was Daniel Smith, of 66 Washington St., Waterloo. He was arrested for disorderly conduct and was being held on $500 bail. A third person, a woman whose name was not released, was arrested when she joined the encampment members who were arrested. The names of the women protesters arrested were not released.

The women were being arraigned late last night and Seneca County officials were making plans to house them in the county jail if necessary. Meanwhile about 20 women from the encampment kept a vigil outside the courthouse where the women were taken for processing while some local residents looked on.

Yesterday's arrests followed a confrontation that erupted shortly after noon between about 300 villagers and 75 members of a group of women who have been camping next to the Seneca Army Depot in Romulus since July 4 to protest the United States' nuclear weapons policy.

The Army has refused to confirm or deny the presence of nuclear weapons at the depot, located about 55 miles southeast of Rochester.

"We do not need nuclear arms but until this situation is handled through proper channels we cannot allow this," said Waterloo resident Ed Ryder. "We cannot allow demonstrations against our government. Somebody had to make a stand for what the majority of people feel."

Last night, Seneca County District Attorney Stuart Miller was asking that each of the women arrested be tried separately and each held on $250 bond. State officials last night waived capacity regulations at the jail so women could be held, if needed. The jail has a capacity of 30. The women were being arraigned last night.

Women at the peace encampment were meeting late yesterday to decide whether to stage any acts of civil disobedience in retaliation for the arrests. A day of civil disobedience had been planned for tomorrow. The encampment was insired (sic) by the two-year vigil of British women at the Greenham Common U.S. Air Base near London, an intended destination for the cruise missile.

Chief Deputy Dale Arcangeli said the counter-protesters dispersed after the women were arrested.

About 300 people carrying American flags scuffled with village police and Seneca County sheriff's deputies who separated the two groups facing off near the bridge, witnesses said.

Yesterday morning and Friday night, 14 women peace campers were arrested by sheriff deputies and military police for trespassing on depot grounds. Four of the women had pruning shears, apparently to cut through a barbed wire fence.

"I don't thing they were there to prune out bushes for us in the middle of the night," depot spokesman Robert Zemanek said.

Peace camp members complained yesterday that the depot had not kept an agreement to allow all arrested women to have legal representation and had failed to let the camp know the status of the one woman who was kept overnight.

Meanwhile, some townspeople met inside a Veterans of Foreign Wars post next to the Seneca County Courthouse where those arrested were being processed. There was a chicken dinner being served there last night and about 30 of the cars in the parking lot had American flags flying from the antennas. Some women from the encampment held a vigil outside the courthouse for their arrested compatriots and ordered pizza.

Seneca County Undersheriff Thomas Cleere said 30 deputies from Onondaga County were called to Waterloo last night to help local police. They were housed last night at a dormitory on the Eisenhower College campus in Seneca Falls. Women at the peace encampment said security there has been increased from 10 to 30 persons.

The women set out before noon yesterday on a 15-mile protest march through Waterloo from the National Women's Rights Park in Seneca Falls. Their destination was the Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice, where 700 women were registered as of last night.

The women said the march was intended to demonstrate the link between the women's movement and the nuclear arms protest.

But when they reached Waterloo, they were met by several hundred residents who formed a human barrier to their way across Route 96, south of Main Street.

Faced with the immovable crowd, 17 women sat down and formed a circle on the road.

"Commies go home. Commies go home," chanted members of the crowd, some of whom lined the sides of the roadway, waving American flags. The sound of fireworks cracked in the muggy heat of the day as American flags, usually reserved for holidays, dominated the streets downtown. (Memorial Day was started in 1866 by a group of Waterloo villagers who decorated the graves of Civil War dead.) Some people carried banners proclaiming "If you love America, protect it." and "Idea great, attitude wrong."

Reminiscent of the anti-Vietnam war movement of the '60s, women in the circle sang Give Peace a Chance, Kumbaya and We Shall Overcome. The women protesters were dressed in white and had on them the names of women important to the social justice movement including Emma Goldman and Mother Jones.

Margaret Moor, 79, of 2 Park Place, Waterloo, was downtown at 11 a.m. and saw the flags.

"They had all the flags and the whole town was decorated with flags... they said the women were coming."

The crowd of townspeople were (sic) gathered at the south end of the bridge when Waterloo Police Chief Doyle Marquart attempted to send police cars north through the crowd to break the blockade.

"We tried to move them aside with cars but we couldn't," he said. The people were 10-deep along the 40-foot wide roadway.

At the beginning of what was to be a more than two-hour stalemate between villagers and outsiders, Seneca County Sheriff Kenneth Greere told his deputies he intended only to arrest women and their supporters.

But at 1:05 p.m., he told a few spectators, "I'll arrest both sides."

"You're going to be paying the bill if I have to arrest 300 people," he told one county resident, who would not move.

At 1:15 p.m., Greer addressed the women over the loudspeaker and told them to follow two sheriff's department patrol cars to a department parking lot four blocks away where the matter would be discussed. If they didn't, he said, the women would be charges with "inciting a riot."

Greer offered them an alternative route out of town but the women refused.

"It was the police's responsibility to keep the hecklers away, not the women who had a permit for that walk," said Toni Fitzpatrick of New York City, one of the encampment's spokeswomen.

About 2 p.m., the sheriff's department truck pulled into sight. The townspeople cheered, "Get them out of here." "Go Home," were the chants from the crowd.

The truck backed onto the road near the circle. When it opened up 11 officers in full riot gear jumped out and half of them marched up to the women. With their backs to the women, they formed a line between the citizens of Waterloo and the encampment supporters.

"Take them away," the townspeople cried.

Observers said there was confusion in the crowd as some townspeople thought they were going to be arrested.

"What are you taking us away for," one man shouted. "We live here. We have a right to be here. Don't forget Greer, you have to run for re-election."

At 2:27, Sheriff Greer again addressed the crowd through a loud speaker.

"This is a volatile situation and I'm asking for your cooperation. All children are requested to leave. All citizens are requested to leave also. We do not need sightseers and spectators any longer. Please disperse."

But the crowd stood its ground.

Then he addressed the women: "All women from the encampment that have not committed themselves to being arrested should leave the area."

Greer continued to ask the crowd to disperse. It began to break up about 2:35.

Although there was still confusion among the crowd, people on both sides were led to believe that if the crowd dispersed in one direction (south towards the encampment) the women would go north (back towards Seneca Falls).

But at 2:42, as the sheriff's deputies continued to stand guard over the circle of women, three women got up and began moving forward as if to go on to the depot.

"You lied," shouted the townspeople, and the human wall of people went up again on the south end of the road.

Then the arrests began.

Witnesses said some of the women peaceably got up and walked on foot to the waiting sheriff's department truck. Others went limp and police carried them or dragged them to the police vehicle.

"Go Ken Greer," shouted the residents, cheering as each women (sic) was loaded into the sheriff's truck. As the arrested continued, women who had not been part of the sit-in continued to line the bridge, some singing Give Peace a Chance.

"They didn't want to give up their right to walk peacefully and continue their protest without some gesture," said Eva Kolisch, 57 of New York City, who said she was a veteran of anti-war marches during the '60s. "I think some nerve was touched here when we say we are here to save the earth from extinction."

Local residents talked of defacement of American flags and lack of patriotism among the women protesting. During an earlier demonstration, women at the encampment refused to fly an American flag that was donated.

"I believe they're communists and paid by communists," said Jerry McKenna of Waterloo. "Every person here is a veteran of different wars. There's only one way to put it. The family of Waterloo is here."

Lee Patchen, the mayor of Waterloo, said he believed the actions of the crowd on Route 96 reflected the sentiment of the people of the village. "The townspeople did what they felt they had to do," Patchen said.

Once the crowd dispersed along Route 96, they followed the sheriff's cars to the county courthouse where the arrested women were to be processed.

The women protesters who had not been arrested gathered in front of the courthouse while a line of villagers formed across the street, watching them. Some were bitter that none of the townspeople who had blocked their way were arrested.

"All they (the women who were arrested) were doing was walking on their walk which they had a permit for," Fitzpatrick said.

The women marchers said they a (sic) permit for their protest march. Waterloo officials said no such permit was issued, nor was one required.

At about 4:45, three women from the encampment group crossed the street to address the crowd of townspeople. During the exchange, the women were trying to find out why the local residents were upset.

"If you don't like my area, if you're ashamed of it, why don't you get out of here," Bill Young of Waterloo told them. "You people have been complaining because we don't treat you right. But just want to know where you're coming from."

Another woman in crowd said, "If you want to protest, take your protests down to Washington."

A 19-year-old woman from the peace encampment was arraigned before U.S. Magistrate David G. Larimer yesterday on charges of trespassing on government property after having been detained for the same charge earlier.

Lynn D. Brown refused to identify herself until she was warned by Larimer that failure to do so would result in her having to post bond. She was released on a personal appearance bond of $500, Larimer said.

Trespassing is a petty offense punishable by up to six months in prison and $500 fine.

Brown was ordered to appear in court Thursday with five other women from the camp who were arraigned on similar charges last Tuesday, Larimer said.

He said Brown was brought to Rochester from the Seneca Army Depot by military personnel.

Reporting for this story was done by staff writers Erik Gunn, Laura Meade, Dena Bunis, Jim Mitzelfeld and Metro Editor Lou Ziegler. It was written by Bunis.

Sunday, August 29, 2021

ViDeo: Every Woman Here: Remnants of Seneca 1982-2006 (2007)

This 32-minute video, produced in 2007 by Estelle Coleman, Hershe Michele Kramer & Alice O'Malley of the Peace Encampment Herstory Project, highlights interviews with Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice participants as well as photographs and songs from the Encampment.

PeHP 2007; revised 2015

Front cover
Back cover

Saturday, August 28, 2021

BRoCHuRe: Why a Woman's Peace Camp?

Tri-fold brochure produced in the early summer of 1983.
PeHP source: Linda Fields

Friday, August 27, 2021

HeRSToRy 017 Barbara Reale

   Barbara was hired in the spring of 1983 to coordinate public relations for the peace camp. She was one of the first women to live on the land in the months before it opened.

CLIP 1: I had no idea how to set about doing that

CLIP 2: That was born in me at Seneca


Interview: Barbara Reale
Date: December 8, 2006
Location: Philadelphia, PA
Present: Estelle Crone, hershe Michele Kramer
Barbara (above far left) with her "Chain Gang" affinity group prior to their action, and (below far right) chained to the Seneca Army Depot main gate, August 1983. Photos by Nancy Clover.

June 27, 1983 New York Times article with Barbara and Kris.
Women Plan Arms Protest Upstate
by Suzanne Dale   
Caption: Barbara Reale, standing, and Kristin Eberlein on  a 52-acre farm in Romulus, N.Y. The farm was bought by a group of women who hope to use it as an assembly are for antinuclear demonstrations at the Seneca Army Depot, which adjoins property. Raymound [sic] Zajac, Town Supervisor, fears the problems those demonstrations might bring.
Romulus, N.Y. - Beside a small farm on Route 96 here in the Finger Lakes Regions, a svn says: “Women’s Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice.” The sign, leaning in the shade of a tall tree, is strikingly neat and glossy, in contrast with a nearby house where the shutters droop on their hinges, the porch railing is broken and only a hint of paint remains.
   A group of women bought the 52-acre farm in May and hopes to attract hundreds of women here this summer to use the farm’s fields as a camping ground and assembly area for antinuclear demonstrations.
   Adjoining the land is the target of the protests - the Seneca Army Depot, an 11,000-acre amunitions storage site that is widely assumed to contain nuclear weapons. The Army will not comment on this.
   The encampment is scheduled to open on the Fourth of July and to run at least until Labor Day. During that time, the women expect to conduct a variety of peaceful demonstrations, including symbolic burials of model missiles, passing out leaflets, marching and at least one day of civil disobedience.
   The prospect of such protests has set the Army to building fences, hiring extra civilian guards and holding meetings to ease the concerns of workers. It has also caused a great deal of anxiety in this town of about 2,600 residents [sic], two bard, a delicatessen, a hotel, a barber shop and a beauty salon.
2 Big Employers in the Area
   Romulus is southeast of Rochester, between Cayuga and Seneca Lakes. The largest employers in town are the Army depot and a state psychiatric center.
   Here the roads cut straight through fields and pastures. The only traffic tie-ups are caused by slow moving tractors. the nearest supermarket is 15 miles away.
   “If this thing gets to any proportion at all, what are we going to do?” asked Raymond Zajac, Town Supervisor. He recalled that several years ago, 200 strikers demonstrating at the Willard Psychiatric Center surrounded the sheriff’s office in nearby Waterloo and ‘brought the county to a standstill.”
   Mr. Zajac, who thinks the women “have a beautiful dream but have bitten of [sic] than they can chew,” says he has many concerns. They range from the town’s limited water supply to its lack of a police force to having only one judge. The judge usually holds court on Tuesdays between 7 P.M. and 10 P.M.
Friendly Outcome Is Doubted
   “We aren’t equipped to deal with this,” Mr. Zajac went on. “the women say: ‘We’re not trying to bother you. Our beef is with the Federal Government.’ But they’ve already caused  a hardship with all the worrying. They say that by the end of the summer we’ll all be great friends but if that happens, I’ll sit in this office and eat my hat.”
   Like the commander of the Army depot and the sheriff, Mr. Zajac says he is particularly frustrated because the women maintain they have no leader, and they are sometimes vague in describing what they plan to do.
   “Nothing is clear,” said Mr. Zajac, “They don’t know, so we don’t know how many people will show up. We aren’t so much worried about them, although I want to tell you that the prospect of breaking up 300 mothers is awesome - but what about the others who will be attracted to this sort of thing. Maybe motorcycle gangs - who knows?
   Rumors are proliferating on both sides with lightning speed. Perhaps the most tenacious is a rumor that several battalions of troops from New jersey will arrive to guard the post. This last one, the depot commander, Col. John C. Wilson, said was “the wildest rumor” he had ever heard.
   Colonel Wilson did say that besides more than 40 extra people hired to guard the base this summer, the Army had other contingency plans to protect the depot if needed. However, he would not elaborate.
   Organizers said that the exact nature of demonstrations would be decided by the women who show up. so far, one day, Aug. 1, has been designated for civil disobedience.
   One of the three paid workers at the farm, Barbara Reale, 23 years old, who studied economics at Cornell University and has since worked for several peace organizations, said the farm would have camp sites ready to accommodate about 350 people. Some fields will be kept available to handle any overflow attendance.
   Men, she said, will not be allowed to participate nor will they be allowed to enter most areas of the camp.
   The group has published a brochure about why it has chosen to exclude men. In it, about a dozen women present arguments, most of them expressing the view that women working together can create a special environment not possible when men are around.
   Since May, several women have been living at the farm, which is furnished with an assortment of mismatched used furniture and has no running water. One room is set up as an office, where phone calls are received and work schedules are loosely organized.
   On the walls are lists of chores. There are also lists of chores already accomplished - such as cleaning out the barn - that are punctuated with exclamations of encouragement such as “Go, girls!”
More Facilities Still Needed
   But there is a great deal left to be done. Ways to provide more water are still being worked out. Lean-tos, a pavilion and toilets have yet to be installed.
   The encampment, said Miss Reale, is being sponsored by a large assortment of individual women and women’s groups. Contributors, she said, include such groups as the American Friends Service Committee, a Quaker pacifist group; the New England War Tax Resistance, Church Women United, Nuclear Weapons Facilities Network, the Rochester Peace and Justice Education Center and the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom.
   Romulus is policed by the County Sheriff’s office, which has 18 deputies and 3 patrol cars for the 36,000 residents in the county. The jail, a picturesque red brick building, has 24 cells. The Sheriff, Kenneth J. Greer, has tentatively canceled all vacations and leaves this summer.
   “So far, the women have been very peaceful, very cordial and very eager to cooperate with us and the military,” Sheriff Greer said, “We aren’t expecting any trouble but there is always the factor of the unknown.”
   Several of the women on the farm cite instance of people who have been friendly to them - a bar down the road gave a refrigerator, some local women have brought pies or homemade bread.But there are people in town who are angry that their way of life may be changed this summer.

Wednesday, August 25, 2021

Interview: Barbara Deming

    Barbara Deming (July 23, 1917-August 2, 1984) is one of the most significant nonviolent theorists in U.S. history. Her writings and activism chronicle the civil rights movement, the Vietnam anti-war movement, the women's movement and the gay and lesbian rights movement. She published many books, including Prison Notes (1966) and Remembering Who We Are (1981). Prisons That Could Not Hold (1995) contains the essay she wrote about Seneca the summer of 1983 and the incident in Waterloo. It also includes a chronology of events by Blue Lunden and photographs by Dorothy Marder, Catherine Allport, Catherine DeMaria, Ellen Shub & Joan E. Biren, shown below.

Barbara being interviewed Aug. 6, 1983, at the Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice several days after being released from the Interlaken school jail.

Barbara raises her flag/bouquet of wildflowers. Photo by Dorothy Marder, 1983.
Above: As she is being arrested, Barbara blows a kiss to a tearful Jun Song. Photo by Catherine Allport, 1983. Below: Barbara is handcuffed. Photo by Catherine DeMaria, 1983.
Above: The Jane Does testify during the arraignment at the Seneca County Fairgrounds. Below: The group waits in the courtroom for the decision. Photos by Joan E. Biren (JEB), 1983.
Above: Grace Paley (center) and other women at the school/jail in Interlaken, NY, circle in support of the fifty-four arrested women. Below: Jane Gaupin (left) talks with townspeople at the jail. Photos by Joan E. Biren (JEB), 1983.
Above: Back at the encampment, Barbara holds the flagpole point. Below: One of the all-women circles at the peace camp in front of the barn. Photos by Joan E. Biren (JEB), 1983.
1983 Chronology of Waterloo 54

JULY 25: Barbara arrived with Rhea at Northwoods in upstate New York. They joined Blue and Quinn on the 21st day of their walk from New York City to Seneca.

JULY 26: Barbara walked from Trumansburg to Ovid Center, N.Y. with Blue, Quinn, Rhea, and Donna.

JULY 28: Walk was joined by Jun Song, Terri, Lisa, and Kitrinka. The entire group reached the Encampment that afternoon.

JULY 29: We spent most of the day at camp and joined Jun Song for part of her daily walk around the Army depot.

JULY 30: We joined with 75 other women in New York City Women’s Pentagon Action’s Feminist Walk, from Seneca Falls to the Encampment. In the town of Waterloo, a mob blocked our way at the bridge. We sat to diffuse potential violence and to insist on our constitutional right to pass. Fifty-four were arrested and taken to the local jail.

JULY 31: We were transported at 5 a.m. from jail to the Interlaken Junior High School and were held in the cafeteria for five days, as we refused to give our names or cooperate in any way with this illegal arrest. Women from the Encampment began vigiling outside the school and were harassed by local townspeople. The governor declared a “state of emergency” and state police were brought in.

AUGUST 3: We were taken to the Seneca County Fair Grounds to a barn that had been converted to a courtroom. After processing 14 of us individually, each of whom refused to give her name and most of whom refused to walk, the judge finally yielded to our demand to be heard as a group. We were all brought in and allowed to make our statement. Charges were dismissed and even our fingerprints and mug shots were returned to us. We returned to the Encampment, where Barbara spent another week before returning home.

Tuesday, August 24, 2021

SoNG: We Can Power Our Own Lives

PeHP Source: Songbook for Seneca Falls Wimmin's Peace Encampment, compiled by Oak & Amethyst of Wimmin In Collective Community Action, 1983

Sunday, July 11, 2021

NeWSPaPeR: Rochester, NY - Women gather amid tension

August 1, 1983 - Times-Union
PeHP source: Suzanne Sowinska

NeWSPaPeR: Syracuse, NY - Peace camp by women, for women in readiness

July 1, 1983 - The Post-Standard

NeWSPaPeR: Ithaca, NY - 'Fire still burns' at peace camp

1990 (?) Ithaca Times
PeHP source: Women's PeaceLand

NeWSPaPeR: Rochester, NY - 2500 to march on depot

August 1, 1983 - Democrat and Chronicle
PeHP source: Suzanne Sowinska

'They've got so much so much bitterness against them now'

Protesters' lifestyles, tactics damage image

By Jody McPhillips

ROMULUS  - Romulus residents say tension in the communities near the Women's Encampment for a Future of the Peace and Justice has grown in recent weeks for reasons that have nothing to do with anti-nuclear protest.

They say they are outraged over acts of ... [gap in article image recovery] ... southeast of Rochester.

Said Elsie Roach of Romulus, "I don't like the damage they've done at the depot that they've gotten away with."

Women at the camp outside the Seneca Army Depot suspect the base of being an arsenal for nuclear weapons. The camp was inspired by a two-year vigil of British women at a U.S. Air Force base near London, an intended destination for U.S. cruise missiles.

Roach, who has worked at the depot for 10 years, said she was referring to cut fences, and painting on the depot water tower.

"I also don't like the public displays of lesbianism," she said. "We've never been exposed to that and we don't want to be."

Residents took to their porches and front yards yesterday, saying they want to keep an eye on developments in the wake of a demonstration in the nearby village of Waterloo Saturday.

"I just pray to God nobody gets hurt," said Richard Hathaway, who sat surrounded by his family on his front porch on Romulus' Main Street.

"I'm going to protect me and mine. Nobody bothers me, that's fine, but nobody's coming into my house," he said.

The residents complain that women from the encampment have disrobed in local laundromats to wash their clothes and have showered publicly in a Waterloo car wash and at Sampson State Park.

William Roach, Elsie Roach's husband, said the presence of a witches (sic) coven is hurting the anti-nuclear focus of the camp. "All the townspeople are talking about it. They're pretty bitter."

The Roaches said they housed two Elmira women who fled the camp last month July claiming they were harrassed (sic) by witches.

"Townspeople don't care for it," he said. Roach said a neighbor who witnessed the coven in action one night at the depot's gate told him the coven's leader had a group of women "under a spell."

A woman who would only identify herself as Sharon from New York City said yesterday that she was a member of a 13-member coven up for the weekend.

Hathaway said the women's behavior has diluted any message they are trying to get across about nuclear war. "They got so much bitterness against them now, if they stay here another 20 years, they're not going to change anybody's mind (about nuclear war)," he said.

Roach said, "I don't mind the anti-nuclear protest. But they keep hollering (that they are) 'Peaceful, peaceful, peaceful' when they are anything but."

As for the counter demonstration in Waterloo Saturday, in which townspeople blocked a march by the women campers, Roach said, "It's the first time anybody ahs stood up to them and said, 'We don't want you.' I wish the people in Romulus would do the same."

Hathaway and Roach said many townspeople are convinced that the women are breaking the law and getting away with it. They're mad at the women, and just as mad at the depot officials for letting them get away with trespassing and vandalism.

Women who have climbed or cut through the fence surrounding the 11,000-acre depot have been issued federal "bar letters" warning them not to do it again. Local residents call the letters "a slap on the wrist."

The women arrested Saturday during the march through Waterloo face up to 15 days in jail and fines.

Waterloo residents said they were angry about the demonstrators' refusal to carry an American flag as they marched and about reports some women desecrated the flag.

"They have the right to demonstrate, but it should be in the American way," said Vietnam veteran Joe D'Augustine of Waterloo. "Too many men and women have died over the years to protect that flag."

Harold O'Connors, commander of the Waterloo Veteran of Foreign Wars post, was one of the townspeople who blocked the march through town Saturday.

"I don't think anybody understands exactly how it (the counter demonstration) came about. A lot of people were shocked," he said.

"It was a spur of the moment. I don't think you'll find one person who is for nuclear war, right on up to the President. But these people want to leave us susceptible" through disarmament.

"It's not right," he said.
Sign reads: "Pinko Dykes should camp with the commies in Moscow"
2500 to march on depot

Seneca residents threaten to form barrier, spark 3rd day of confrontation

ROMULUS - About 2,500 women were set to stage a noontime march from Sampson State Park to the Seneca Army Depot today after a weekend marked by confrontations between nuclear arms protesters at a women's peace encampment and Seneca County residents.

Last night in Interlaken, townspeople carrying American flags taunted 25 women holding a vigil outside the South Seneca Elementary School to protest the jailing there of 53 women who were involved in a confrontation Saturday with Waterloo townspeople. The women dispersed about 30 minutes after the shouting began

As of last night, 48 women were still being held on $50 bail each on charges of disorderly conduct.

Some Seneca County residents said yesterday they would form a human barrier to physically prevent the women from entering government property during the march. The women say they will engage in civil disobedience at the depot.

Seneca Army Depot Spokesman Robert Zemanek said yesterday that 450 extra military personnel will be at the depot today because of the demonstration. He said the additional troops at the camp came from Fort Dix, N.J., Fort Belvoir, Va., and Fort Bragg, N.C.

If a confrontation should occur, it will mark the third straight day that local residents have clashed with women. The women are camping at a 52-acre farm adjacent ... [gap in article image recovery] ... and vowed to stop the anti-nuclear demonstrators.

We're going to stop them from getting on the base," William Rivers, of Seneca Falls, told a passenger in a car that stopped to congratulate the counterdemonstrators. "We're going to form a human chain. They're going to have to break through our hands."

The people vowing to stop the women were from towns surrounding Romulus, where the camp is located, on Route 96, one mile from the depot.

The women plan to gather at Sampson State Park, on the west side of the depot, at 9 a.m., and later split into two groups for a noon march on two of (sic) depot's western gates.

The women say they are marching to protest the United States nuclear weapons policy. They claim nuclear weapons are stored at the depot. It is military policy to neither confirm nor deny the presence of nuclear weapons at any installation.

The estimated 2,500 women expected to participate in today's march have come from many states and several countries.

The march is scheduled to begin at noon. Most will leave the park south on Route 96A to the depot's truck gate, two miles away. Toni Fitzpatrick, a camp spokeswoman, said a non-violent protest is planned.

Another group is planning to march north on Route 96A to the air strip, approximately four miles from the park. Their plans are less clear, Fitzpatrick said, but all will involve some sort of civil disobedience.

Civil disobedience is perceived (sic) different ways by different members of the camp, she said. Some believe it means that they won't harm anything, while others believe that destruction of property can occur as long as no one is hurt, she said.

Although plans call for demonstrations at those two places, "I would venture to say people are going to take action in several different places," Fitzpatrick said.

The group of 20 local residents who staged a counter-protest outside the depot yesterday said they won't tolerate any law-breaking.

"Tomorrow there'll be a lot more of us," said Nicholas White of Waterloo. "I've talked to people from Seneca Falls, Waterloo and Geneva who said they're coming down. A lot of people are afraid it's going to turn into violence.

The depot has spent at least $700,000 on ... [gap in article image recovery] ... school board, said the Interlaken school was selected a month ago as a possible site to hold any protesters that might be arrested if a state of emergency had to be declared in Seneca County.

"We didn't see how we could really turn them down," Beardsley said last night. He said county officials told him they selected the school because it was away from the immediate area of the depot and the encampment.

Interlaken is 12 miles southeast of the depot.

Earlier in the day, about 20 angry residents waived American flags 20 yards outside the main gate of the depot in Romulus ... [gap in article image recovery] ... Always," Protestors painted out "Mission First," leaving "People Always." The military yesterday hired sign painters to paint "Mission First" back on the tower. By 4 p.m. the slogan was restored. Onlookers cheered the signpainters (sic).

The depot employs about 1,000 civilians, about 90 percent who live in the communities surrounding Romulus. Employment at the depot accounts for about one in every 14 jobs in Seneca County.

In the past, protests have been mainly limited to quiet vigils.

"Obviously we're concerned anytime we have a large number of people vowing civil disobedience and a large number of people whose intentions we don't know," Zemanek said.

Planning for today's march was interrupted as many women concentrated on freeing the women were were (sic) still jailed.

Saturday's arrests saddened and angered the women, who charged that police had arrested the wrong people.

About 60 women had gathered earlier that day in nearby Seneca Falls and planned to march through Waterloo, four miles west of Seneca Falls, then continue south to the encampment about 12 miles away. The march was intended to draw attention to the women's role in society but when they reached Waterloo, about three miles into their march, 75 women were confronted by a jeering crowd of about 300 people that formed a human barrier and blocked their way.

The confrontation, which occured (sic) just south of Main Street grew out of a conversation among Vietnam veterans, said Joe D'Augustine yesterday. D'Augustine and his brother Michael operate the Franklin Hotel on Route 96 near the canal. D'Augustine said he heard last Sunday that the women were planning to march through Waterloo Saturday.

"I'd heard they'd defaced the American flag, and I didn't like what I heard," he said. "I said we ought to block the bridge on them. I figured we'd get 10 to 15 Vietnam vets, at most."

But members of the American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars posts in Waterloo learned of this counterdemonstration and offered to help the Vietnam veterans put up American flags in the downtown area, D'Augustine said.

By noon Saturday, the crowd grew to 300, a sight that left D'Augustine aghast. "We were just going to make out point and let ...[gap in article image recovery]...yesterday said he had no choice but to act as he did Saturday.

"I was very disappointed in the behavior of not only the women from the encampment but also the local citizens," Greer said. He said he intended to order the dispersal and hoped the incident would end. But nobody moved when he made his announcements over a loud speaker.

Greer said it did not matter who was right and who was wrong in that situation. "It wasn't a matter of who was blocking who (sic)," he said. "I cannot by any stretch of the imagination, with the small amount of deputies that I had, start at both ends (of the stalemate) simultaneously."

Asked by a reporter why he began arresting the women and not the townspeople, Greer replied, "I have no further comment on the matter."

Greer Saturday declared state of emergency in Seneca County, enabling him to solicit aid from surrounding county sheriff's departments.

What was particularly upsetting to the women throughout the day yesterday was that a man accused of carrying a loaded rifle at the confrontation was releases on his own recognizance while the women were arrested for walking. That man was Raymond Woodard, 31, of RD 1 Waterloo, who was charged with menacing.

Another local resident who was released was Melley Kleman, the only villager who stepped forward and joined the protestors. "I thought someone from the town should stand up for the rights of people to march," she said, adding she was disturbed by the incident because, "We're a nice town."

"I know many of these people and they are better people than that," said her husband, Thomas Kleman, a senior vice president of St. Lawrence National Bank in Waterloo.

[Gap in article image recovery] ... materialized, but about 50 of the estimated 500 women camping at the site and sleepless nights anyway. Security crews of 30 each, working in three to four hour shifts, patrolled the perimeter of the campsite and an all-night candlelight vigil was held in front of the main building.

At 2:45 a.m., the two women who made bail returned to the camp where they were met by cheers. All but six of the women refused to give the names to police and were listed as Jane Doe, something that officials say will mean further legal complications.

The women who returned to the encampment refused to give their names but said they were from Brooklyn, said they couldn't join the others in declaring Jane Doe status because they had to go to work Monday.

At 4:15 a.m. Sunday, a sheriff's transport vehicle passed by the encampment with the women who were en route to Interlaken. Women in the van screamed and cheered from the barred windows. The few women still awake at the encampment yelled back.

Reporting for this story was done by staff writers Erik Gunn, Laura Meade, Jody McPhillips, and Metro Editor Lou Ziegler. It was written by Dena Bunis.